Labour & European Law Review
16 January 2019
New pay ratio regulations introduced by the government which came into force at the beginning of January mean that companies are now required to justify the pay of top bosses (...).
The Court of Justice of the European Union has held in Max-Planck-Gesellschaft.v Shimizu that in relation to EU holiday, unless the employer can show that they gave the worker every opportunity to take the annual leave and the worker deliberately chose not to take it in the year it accrued, they retain their entitlement even if they fail to apply for the leave before the employment relationship comes to an end (...).
Although the contract documentation between the company and its drivers stated that there was no obligation on the driver to provide services nor on the company to offer them , the Employment Appeal Tribunal held in Addison Lee Ltd v Lange and ors that the drivers were workers because the contract did not reflect the reality of the situation and they were clearly “undertaking to perform driving services personally” when they logged on to the employers system (...).